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Definition of Globbing

Globbing, also known as filename expansion or wildcard matching, is a mechanism used in computing to match files or directories based on patterns containing wildcards. These wildcards represent characters that can match any number of characters in a filename or path. This process is commonly employed in command-line interfaces and programming languages to perform tasks such as file manipulation, searching, and specifying multiple files with a single expression.

Origin of Globbing

Globbing originated from Unix-like operating systems in the 1970s, where it was implemented to simplify file operations for users and developers. The concept was introduced to enable flexible and efficient file matching by using wildcard characters such as '*', '?', and '[ ]' to represent patterns. Over time, globbing has become an integral part of various programming languages and command-line shells, including Bash, Python, and Perl, providing users with powerful tools for file management and manipulation.

Practical Application of Globbing

One practical application of globbing is in file management tasks, such as copying, moving, or deleting multiple files that share a common pattern in their filenames. For example, in a command-line environment, a user can utilize globbing to delete all text files in a directory by typing rm *.txt, where '*' matches any sequence of characters and '.txt' specifies files with the ".txt" extension. Similarly, globbing can be used in programming to process files that match specific criteria without the need for manually specifying each filename.

Benefits of Globbing

Globbing offers several benefits in terms of efficiency, simplicity, and flexibility in file manipulation tasks. Firstly, it allows users to perform operations on multiple files with minimal effort, reducing the need for repetitive commands or scripts. Secondly, globbing simplifies complex file selection criteria by using intuitive wildcard patterns, making it easier for both novice and experienced users to specify files of interest. Additionally, globbing enhances workflow automation by enabling the creation of concise and expressive commands or scripts that can handle diverse file sets effectively.


In globbing, '' matches any sequence of characters, '?' matches any single character, and '[ ]' specifies a range or set of characters to match. For example, '.txt' matches all files with the ".txt" extension, 'file?.txt' matches files like "file1.txt", "file2.txt", and so on, and '[abc]*' matches files starting with 'a', 'b', or 'c'.

Yes, globbing is a feature commonly supported by programming languages such as Python, Perl, and Ruby. These languages provide libraries or built-in functions to perform file matching and manipulation using glob patterns, allowing developers to leverage globbing in their applications beyond command-line environments.

While globbing is a powerful tool for file manipulation, it may not be suitable for complex matching scenarios that require advanced pattern recognition or filtering capabilities. Additionally, users should be cautious when using glob patterns with commands or scripts that operate on large file sets, as it can potentially lead to unintended consequences or performance issues.


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