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What is Magecart?

Magecart refers to a malicious cyber threat that specifically targets online shopping websites to steal sensitive payment information entered by customers during the checkout process. This type of attack involves injecting malicious code into the website's payment processing pages, allowing cybercriminals to capture users' payment card details, including credit card numbers, CVV codes, and expiration dates.

Origin of Magecart

Magecart first emerged around 2015, gaining prominence as cybercriminals began exploiting vulnerabilities in e-commerce websites powered by popular platforms like Magento. Initially, Magecart attacks were relatively simple, involving the insertion of skimming scripts directly into the website's code. However, over time, attackers have evolved their tactics, employing more sophisticated techniques to evade detection and maximize their profits.

Practical Application of Magecart

A practical example of Magecart in action involves an unsuspecting shopper making a purchase on an infected website. As the shopper proceeds through the checkout process and enters their payment details, the Magecart script quietly intercepts this information before it's encrypted and transmitted to the payment processor. The stolen data is then sent to a remote server controlled by the cybercriminals, who can then use it to make fraudulent purchases or sell it on the dark web for profit.

Benefits of Magecart

From the perspective of cybercriminals, Magecart offers several advantages. Firstly, it can be deployed relatively easily, often exploiting known vulnerabilities in e-commerce platforms or third-party plugins.

Additionally, Magecart attacks can yield large amounts of valuable payment card data with minimal effort, making them an attractive option for financially motivated hackers.

Furthermore, because the stolen data is collected directly from legitimate websites, victims may not realize they've been compromised until unauthorized transactions appear on their bank statements, allowing attackers to operate undetected for extended periods.


Implementing robust security measures such as regular vulnerability assessments, keeping software up to date, and using web application firewalls can help mitigate the risk of Magecart attacks. Additionally, monitoring for suspicious activity and regularly scanning your website's code for unauthorized modifications can help detect and respond to potential compromises.

While Magecart attacks have targeted prominent online retailers in the past, smaller e-commerce websites are also at risk. Cybercriminals often automate the process of scanning the internet for vulnerable sites, meaning any website that handles payment information is a potential target.

If you suspect your website has been affected by Magecart or any other form of cyber attack, it's essential to act quickly. Immediately remove any suspicious code or scripts, notify your payment processor, and inform affected customers of the potential breach. Additionally, consider engaging with cybersecurity professionals to conduct a thorough investigation and implement measures to prevent future attacks.


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